Spring Newsletter

Upper Hay Lake Association

P.O. Box 769

Pequot Lakes, Minnesota 56472

Spring Newsletter  April 2021  Page 1

Greetings From Your President!
Spring is my favorite time of the year. The birds are

busy singing and the loons are always anxious to let us
know that they are back. It is with great anticipation that
I look forward to enjoying Upper Hay Lake this spring.
Soon the UHLA Board will be meeting in preparation
for the new season.
As many of you know, Vern Buss passed away in
January. I have known Vern from my teaching days at
Pequot Lakes High School. We enjoyed many
basketball games together. When we first purchased a
cabin at Upper Hay Lake, I called Vern to ask him if the
ice was thick enough to fish on. He asked me what my
weight was and caught me off guard. Vern was always
pulling pranks! He was the first to help others on our
lake and will be sorely missed.
On February 22, 2021, an article was published in the
Star Tribune regarding the Northern Waters Land Trust
whose efforts are a significant part of the Pine River
Watershed One Watershed One Plan. Leif Olmanson
mapped the state’s late summer temperatures. During
the dog days when algae blooms, he saw that they have
risen fastest in Minnesota’s north-central regions where
lakes have been warming the most. Slowly, the change
in a few degrees could alter the state’s prized cabin
country and angler havens. As timber is harvested and
as communities grow, there are also cabin owners
“tinkering with shorelines”. According to the article, the
solution to protecting water quality in the state’s deep
clear lakes is to protect the intact forests around them.
Northern Minnesota has some of the fastest warming
rates in the United States, including during the late
Nicole Erickson, an Environmental Services Specialist
with the Land Services Department of Crow Wing
county, has announced that the Pine River One
Watershed, One Plan: Lake Implementation Plans are
now on the County’s website at
These plans were developed for lake associations to take

action and reduce pollution by achieving measurable
goals for the next 10 years.
Taking care of your shoreline continues to be a priority
for the UHLA Board. We urge you to consider having
part of your shoreline restored with plants that have deep
root systems to preserve the shoreline. As I have stated
before, if having a beautiful sandy beach is important to
you, consider having that as part of your shoreline.
Also, try to share a native plant area with your neighbor
so there is a longer stretch of preserved shoreline. This
effort will have a more positive impact on the water
quality of our lake. It is essential that we keep the
phosphorus levels down to a more acceptable level on
Upper Hay Lake.
Upper Hay Lake has been allocated 300 hours of
inspection at the public landing. The seasonal watercraft
inspector will begin on Saturday May 22 and Sunday
May 23 from 9:00 AM to 5 PM each day. I am grateful
that these inspection hours have been granted to us.
We look forward to having our fifth annual July 4th Boat
Parade. In the past, it has been very festive with over
thirty boats participating. We will meet at the public
landing and plan to begin at 3:00 PM on July 4th. A
concern that has been voiced by several board members
is the activity of throwing water balloons and/or other
balloons from the boats. We cannot have balloon
fragments in the lake as this can be harmful to the loons
and fish in our lake. Please remind your holiday guests
that using balloons on the lake is not an option.
In light of the recent rise in Covid-19 cases in Crow
Wing County, we have decided not to have the annual
spring meeting at the VFW. The UHLA Board invites
you to participate in providing ideas that you have for a
get-together this summer. You are welcomed to call or
email one of us. Suggestions would be welcomed!
There are many opportunities for you to become
involved in improving Upper Hay Lake and our
association. Please consider how you can contribute to
preserving our beautiful lake. Thank you!
–Claire Steen

Page 2

Submitted by Board Member Whitey Larson
Crow Wing County AIS Prevention Funding
– by Tony Coffey
Earlier this month, at the suggestion of Commissioner
Brekken, several from the WAPOA Board of Directors
met with Crow Wing County commissioners Bill
Brekken and Steve Barrows to discuss the 2021 CWC
AIS Inspections Plan. Also attending the meeting from
the county were Jake Frie, Nicole Erickson, Jessica Shea
(the county business manager), and Land Services
Director Gary Griffin. We discussed several issues
specific to inspections on the Whitefish Chain. Next, we
expressed concerns that for the past three years there has
been a sizable amount of the previous year’s county AIS
Plan budget carried over to the following year. Jessica
explained that there are generally budgeted expense
items that are not realized or savings that cause overall
expenditures to be less than expected. Commissioner
Barrows suggested that the county do a mid-year review
and adjust the Plan to provide the optimal number of
hours for inspections. We then broached the topic of
potential Crow Wing County general funds being
allocated to this or future years’ county AIS Plans. Both
Commissioners Barrows and Brekken acknowledged the
importance of water quality to the economy of Crow
Wing County and agreed that the county should look at
the possibility of allocating county funds to AIS
prevention. While neither commissioner could commit
to funding, their acknowledgement of the need and the
benefit is a significant shift in thought at that level of
county government. The past several years has brought
a significant increase in the cooperation between the
county staff and the lake associations in the formation of
the county’s AIS Plan. Nicole Erickson is a wonderful
partner as the full time Environmental Services
Specialist. We now can work with Commissioners
Barrows and Brekken to broaden the county support to
include additional county funding of the AIS Plan.
Please let your county commissioners know how
important financial support for AIS prevention is to your
lake and the water quality of Crow Wing County.
# # # # #
I recently received the following from Jeff Forester of
MN Lakes & Rivers (MLR):
Wake board boats are a marvel of engineering, using
ballast tanks, hydraulic fins, redesigned hull shape and
massive power trains, these boats to create huge wakes
with enough energy to support a surfer on a board.

Wake board boats are the fastest growing segment of the
water craft industry, and a growing water recreational
opportunity. But these boats are also generating
controversy as reports of eroded shore line, damage to
docks, lifts and watercraft on shore, and impacts to
waterfowl nests, and transport of aquatic invasive
species in residual ballast water. Paddlers and anglers
have been capsized or thrown in the water, pontoon
boats swamped.
 How deep does the prop-wash of these boats go?
 How far must a wake travel to dissipate?
 How to prevent AIS spread in residual water in
ballast tanks?
This summer MLR and partners set out to answer these
Boat Wake ad Propeller Wash on Minnesota Lakes is a
project of St. Anthony Falls Lab’s Healthy Waters
Initiative, and funded by a CrowdFunding effort of lake
associations, boat dealers, marina owners and citizens.
Research is focusing on wake energy, turbulence, and
prop wash impacts. Preliminary findings are expected
this Spring.
The water sports industry has advanced
HF1606/SF1639 which would ban wake surfing within
200 feet of shoreline and infrastructure without clear
scientific evidence 200′ is far enough from sensitive
shorelines to prevent erosion. There is language to
prevent wake surfing on bays or lakes less than 50 acres,
or waterways less than 500 feet wide. Scientists do not
know if these measures would reduce ecological and
private property damage. No one does.
We should wait for the science and use data to set Best
Practices for operation of these powerful watercraft.
MLR believes that we should allow the St. Anthony falls
Lab to finish the work that Minnesotan’s funded with
philanthropic gifts. Policy makers should use the best
available science to drive public policy.
With research underway, now is not the time to push
regulations that may soon prove untenable.
Thank you for your engagement and activism,
Let’s hope we don’t see any of these on Upper Hay!
# # # # # #

Page 3

An AIS Reminder to All Boaters
Before you drop your boat into the water, don’t forget
about aquatic invasive species (AIS) and the things we
all need to do to stop the spread. Required Actions:
You must…
1. Clean all visible aquatic plants, zebra mussels, and
other prohibited invasive species from watercraft,
trailers, and water-related equipment before leaving
any water access or shoreland.
2. Drain water-related equipment (boat, ballast tanks,
portable bait containers, motor, etc.) and drain bilge,
livewell and baitwell by removing drain plugs before
leaving a water access or shoreline property. Keep
drain plugs out and water draining devices open
while transporting watercraft.
3. Dispose of unwanted bait, including minnows,
leeches, and worms in the trash. It is illegal to
release bait into a waterbody or release aquatic
animals from one water body to another. If you
want to keep your bait, you must refill the bait
container with bottled or tap water.
Additionally, if you buy or sell a dock, a boat lift, or a
swim raft, and that piece of equipment is going from one
water body into another, the law says water-related
equipment like that must stay out of the water for at
least 21 days. If we can all follow these simple rules
and change a few of our behaviors, we can keep AIS
from spreading. It’s entirely up to us.
# # # # #
What’s in your well water? by Sarah Fogderud
As lake lovers and lake property owners we are often
concerned with the quality of our lake water. We think a
lot about the clarity, phosphorus, algae growth, etc., but
when was the last time you thought about the quality of
your well water? Safe drinking water is essential to our
health and well-being, yet it is something that we often
take for granted. There are several contaminants that
can affect the safety of drinking water. Some such as
bacteria or parasites can make us sick right away while
others such as arsenic cause more chronic health
problems over a long period of time. Most contaminants
that can cause harm to our health are colorless, odorless,
and tasteless. Do not assume your water is safe because
it tastes good and looks clear. The only way to know if
your water is safe is to test it. Remember that cities and
municipalities are required by law to test the water that
they provide to the public and meet the safety standards
that have been established by the state and federal
governments. If you own your own well, it is up to you
to ensure that you have safe drinking water for yourself
and your family. The Minnesota Department of Health
(MDH) provides recommendations for private well

owners regarding what you should test for and how
often. At a minimum, test for coliform bacteria annually
to check for any new contamination. This is especially
important if you have a shallow (sand-point) well as they
are more prone to contamination. For more information
on what to test for and why, you can visit the MDH
website on Well Testing and Water Quality:
t/water/wells/waterquality/index.html Testing should be
done by an accredited laboratory which will provide you
with sampling containers and instructions on how to
properly collect the samples. You can find an accredited
laboratory near you by visiting the Minnesota
Department of Health’s website or by following this
/ labsearch.seam Don’t take the safety of your well
water for granted! Testing your well water is a simple,
relatively inexpensive, and important way to protect
your health.
–Richard “Whitey” Larson
Submitted by Board Member Mickey Perwien
Fly rod fishing for Northern Pike
If you are interested in using a Fly Rod, you should
watch the movie “A River Runs Through It”.
There are only three parts of a Fly Rod. A good fishing
rod is a two piece rod 8 or 9 feet long; sizes 3-5 weight.
floating fly line matching the weight of the Rod and reel.
Use braided 20-25 pound backer line (also used as the
The tippet should be 3-5 foot long and tied to a bi-color
streamer with a barb that has been pinched flat by a
pliers. I use a needle nose.
The fly will sink to the length of the tippet. It is like
jigging for Northern. If you do not get any action at 5
feet go to 10 feet.
Good Fishing!
– Mickey Perwien
From our Roving Reporter, Bruce Ohland
Per the DNR, new panfish regulations are in
place on a number of lakes for 2021
and they apply to the Whitefish Chain

Page 4

The WF Chain limits on sunfish have changed from 20
to 5.
The WF Chain limits on crappie have changed from 10
to 5.
The WF Chain limits on northern pike are 10, but not
more than two pike longer than 26 inches and all from
22 to 26 inches must be released.
Both spouses must be present to purchase a combination
license in person.
New panfish regulations are in place on a number of
lakes for 2021, so anglers should closely check
regulations for new daily limits on specific lakes by:
1. Searching for the lake you’re fishing in LakeFinder
and scrolling down to view any special regulations.
2. Finding the lake’s listing in the special regulations
section of the 2021 regulations booklet.
Although sunfish are the focus of these changes, the
DNR also reduced daily crappie daily limits on some
Signs will be posted at water accesses for lakes that have
new sunfish and crappie daily limits.
These regulations lower daily limits on specific waters
as part of the DNR’s initiative to protect and improve
panfish sizes. The changes are in response to anglerdriven concerns over the declining sizes of sunfish.
The limits will be daily limits as opposed to possession
limits, which means anglers can only keep the prescribed
number of fish per day from the water, but they could
return the next day for another limit as long as they don’t
exceed the statewide inland water possession limit of 20
sunfish or 10 crappie per angler.
New regulations impact only inland waters and include:
1. 44 waters that have a new daily limit of five
2. 31 that have a limit of 10 sunfish;
3. 17 that have a limit of five for sunfish and five
for crappie; and
4. Two that have a limit of 10 sunfish and five
In addition to the new waters, there are 57 waters that
previously had reduced limits for sunfish and these
regulations remain in effect.
Call 651-296-6157 or 888-MINNDNR (646-6367)
Email us: info.dnr@state.mn.us
(Editor’s note: the website doesn’t list Upper Hay as
being one of the Whitefish Chain of Lakes)

2020 Conservation Report Released
In 2020, Crow Wing County Landowners and
community groups implemented projects for clean water
and habitat. The Crow Wing Soil and Water
Conservation District (SWCD) released the 2020
Conservation Report to highlight the great conservation
work being done in the Brainerd Lakes Area.
Accordingly, to Melissa Barrick, Crow Wing SWCD
District Manager, “Despite the many challenges that
2020 brought us; many people planted native trees in
their yards, repaired shoreline erosion, and created
pollinator habitats. Large projects that were completed
included the Pine River Fish Passage Project and the
Island-Loon Runoff Project in the Crosslake area.”
1. Island-Loon Clean Water Project reduced
approximately 1.5 ton less of algae growth per
year to the lake (six-pound of phosphorous)
2. Pine River Rock Dam is now finished and fish
can now swim upstream. All people can enjoy
the tranquil five-rock riffle and weirs structures.
3. Landowners are protecting wildlife habitat and
critical shoreline through the Reinvest in
Minnesota Conservation Easement Program.
Since 2012, landowners have protected over 22
miles of shoreline.
4. Individual property owners worked with
professional plan writers to develop 14 Forest
Stewardship plans for almost 3,000 acres of land
and made 15 projects improvements to their
forest and totaling 108 acres.
5. Citizens planted over 29,000 Trees and 3,000
plants. Help us reach one million trees for Crow
Wing County. For more information visit:
6. Leveraged over four million dollars for
conservation for the Brainerd Lakes Area
through State and Federal grants and contracts.
To receive the full 2020 conservation report, visit
https://cwswcd.org/or call 218-828-6197 for a printed
Barrick stated, “We cannot do this work without our
local partners, it takes a village to do conservation. We
are so grateful for all partners, landowners, and
–Bruce Ohland

Page 5

The next two articles are from the April 2
Environmental Stewardship Newsletter:
In 2016, MAISRC, the USGS, and their partners
initiated a research project studying the effectiveness and
impacts of using copper as a suppression treatment
method for zebra mussel infestations. After multiple
years of in-lab and small-scale testing, researchers
conducted a large-scale, in-lake application of a liquid
copper formulation (EarthTec QZ) at a low dose to St.
Alban’s Bay in Lake Minnetonka in the summer of
2019. When the research team returned to the bay one
year after treatment (summer 2020), there was only a
very small number of juvenile zebra mussels present
(compared to the study’s control site) and no live adult
zebra mussels. Impacts to native species were closely
monitored and noted. The team will survey invasive and
native populations in St. Alban’s Bay again in summer
In 2021, most of the research team’s work will be at
Pelican Lake in Crow Wing County. Researchers will
be using a lakeside laboratory to collect and test water
samples to refine the lowest possible dose of copper
needed in zebra mussel treatments while also testing the
effects on native species in the lake. Researchers will
use the results to predict a liquid copper treatment for
Pelican Lake—like the one applied on Lake Minnetonka
in 2019—but customized specifically for Pelican. The
goal of the proposed treatment will be to dial in the
lowest dose of copper needed to effectively suppress
zebra mussels and have minimal impact to native
species. In 2023, the researchers will monitor results
and an expanded list of native species to make sure there
are no unexpected impacts from the treatments.
At the end of 2023, researchers hope to have firm,
scientifically supported data for fighting zebra mussels
with copper. After the study is completed, local/state
governments, lakeshore associations, and resource
managers will be responsible for implementing the
science and choosing whether to pursue treatments.
Funding for this project was provided by the Minnesota
Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as
recommended by the Minnesota Aquatic Invasive
Species Research Center (MAISRC) and the LegislativeCitizen Commission on Minnesota Resources
(LCCMR). You can learn more about this project on the
MAISRC website.

Crow Wing County Land Services Department will offer
free radon testing kits to area residents. Every hour, one
person in the US dies from radon-related lung cancer. It
is the largest environmental cancer risk and the leading
cause of lung cancer among non-smokers.
Fortunately, the risk is largely preventable. Crow Wing
County and the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH)
recommend that all homes in Minnesota be tested for
radon. It’s the only way to know if your home has an
elevated level of radon, which can cause lung cancer.
Radon is an odorless, colorless and tasteless radioactive
gas that occurs naturally in Minnesota soils and can
enter homes through cracks and openings in basement or
foundation floors and walls.
To obtain a test kit, contact the Land Services
Department at 218-824-1125 or visit the office at 322
Laurel Street Suite 14 Brainerd MN 56401. Land
Services Department may also be contacted by email at
environmental.services@crowwing.us. MDH estimates
that one in three existing Minnesota homes have radon
levels that pose a large health risk over many years of
Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer in the
United States and more than 21,000 deaths are attributed
to radon each year. Radon exposure, however, is largely
preventable. First, test your home to see if you have
elevated radon levels. Testing is easy, inexpensive and
only takes 3-5 days. In homes with levels over 4.0
pCi/L, homeowners should consider verification testing
and possibly installing a mitigation system, which will
remove radon from your home. The final step is to
encourage friends, family, and coworkers to test their
own homes for radon.
For more information on radon testing and mitigation
visit www.health.state.mn.us/radon or call the Minnesota
Department of Health Indoor Air Unit at 651-201-4601
or 1-800-798-9050.
Anyone interested in mitigating his or her home for
radon should consult MDH’s list of certified radon
mitigation contractors at
The Land Services Department is committed to
providing excellent customer service while helping
landowners make wise choices that protect Crow Wing
County’s extraordinary natural resources. Citizens are
encouraged to contact the Environmental Services Office
at (218) 824-1125 or
environmental.services@crowwing.us to discuss land
use and water protection activities. Crow Wing County
information and resources can be found at
–Ken Meyer

Page 6


Beaverson, Neil 33904 N. Oak Dr. 651-429-6672 nmbeaverson@comcast.net Term Ends:  2023
417 Bear Ave. S.
Vadnais Heights, MN 55127
Braun, Bob 4875 Popple Trail 651-452-2872 rhbraun@comcast.net Term Ends:  2022
1262 Wilderness Curve 651-587-5596 – Cell
Eagan, MN 55123
Larson, Whitey 33061 W Shady Beach Ln 218-568-5831 whiteylar@me.com Term Ends:  2022
Marshall, Jan 4309 Acorn Ln 218-568-4738 jhmarshall40@gmail.com Term Ends:  2021
Secretary 763-486-5484 – Cell
Meyer, Ken 4345 Acorn Ln 218-568-5414 kenmeyer@tds.net Term Ends:  2021
Treasurer 218-820-7683 – Cell
Murphy, Judy 33424 S. Oak Drive 218-330-1890 – Cell jamurphy61.jm@gmail.com Term Ends:  2023
Perwien, Mickey 33546 N. Oak Drive 612-386-4858 – Cell mperwien@gmail.com Term Ends:  2022
Schultz, Brad 33143 Osprey Circle 952-393-1758 bvschultz55@gmail.com Term Ends:  2023
Steen, Claire 33161 Osprey Circle 218-829-3757 Claire.steen@charter.net Term Ends:  2021
President 29 Kingwood Street 218-330-7059 – Cell
Brainerd, MN 56401

Our fiscal year end financials on December 31, 2020
were as follows:
Wells Fargo Checking $ 1,114.94
Wells Fargo Savings 5,305.13
American National CDs 35,818.08
Total Assets $ 42,236.15
(This does not include the accrued interest on CDs)
We had 101 paid members in 2020. This brought in
$2,415.00 in dues and we received an additional
$1,570.00 in additional donations, for a total of
Our association also has membership in other
associations that support our mission. They include the
Pine River Watershed District, Conservation Minnesota
(this also includes our web hosting),WAPOA, LARA,
and MN Lakes &Rivers Advocates.

So far I have received only 68 memberships for this
year. This is not unusual, as many wait until our annual
meeting to pay their dues in person. Since our annual
meeting is being postponed again this year due to
COVID, I would appreciate it if those of you that
haven’t paid your annual dues yet would mail them in
now. Each year, as directed in our bylaws, I mail out
reminders to those who have been active members the
last few years and are not current. Last year I mailed out
29 reminders; 26 mailed in their dues and three had
recently sold. People do forget sometimes! If you are
one of these, please pay your association dues now!
It sure was nice having the temp at 80 degrees Easter
Sunday. I didn’t expect it to stay like that; but it would
be nice to have some warmer weather! I haven’t seen
any loons, orioles, or hummingbirds yet. The male
redwing blackbirds are back, so the females should be
here in another week or so. Likewise, some of our
snowbirds haven’t returned yet either. We miss you!
–Ken Meyer