Spring Newsletter

Upper Hay Lake Association
P.O. Box 769
Pequot Lakes, Minnesota 56472

Spring Newsletter                                              April 2018

Annual Meeting
May 19, 2018 / Jenkins VFW

Meeting – 9:00 AM
(Breakfast – 8:00 AM)

Greetings From Your President!

It is with great anticipation that I look forward to enjoying Upper Hay Lake this spring.  Spring is my favorite time of the year at the lake.  The birds sing many songs from the blue skies and the loons are always busy letting us know they are back.  I will be waiting to hear from full-time Upper Hay Lake residents regarding the arrival of the loons and the date that the ice leaves the lake.  Hopefully we won’t have much damage from Mother Nature this year!

Jake Frie, water protection specialist with the Crow Wing County, notified me that we have been granted a total of 320 hours of DNR trained boat landing inspectors for 2018 at our public landing.  They will begin inspecting on the fishing opener and continue through Labor Day.  The hours this year are less because our lake has a reduced “risk” status.  As an association, we will need to determine at the spring meeting if we want to hire inspectors with our UHLA budget.

Shoreline restoration will continue to be a priority with the UHLA Board in 2018.  Buffer zones can help prevent shoreline erosion by absorbing wave action and provide habitat for a wide variety of wildlife and native plants.  The good news is that WAPOA is including Upper Hay Lake in their 2018 Shoreline Restoration Award Program.  Different categories of shoreline restoration activities are eligible for awards.  Brian Olson is the contact person and you will see an article in this newsletter with the WAPOA guidelines.  Scott Lucas (MPCA) wrote an article about our precious lake in the Outdoors Section of the Brainerd Dispatch on Sunday, March 4, 2018.  It is titled “Citizens Make a Difference on Upper Hay Lake”.  There are statistics quoted on lake clarity and he states that implementation of the shoreline buffers is a great step in moving in the right direction to improve the quality of our lake water.

Our spring meeting is on May 19th at the Jenkins VFW.  Pancakes will be served at 8 AM and the meeting will begin promptly at 9 AM.  We will have an informative presentation on loons by Kevin Woizeschke.  You don’t want to miss this one!  In addition, we will have election of UHLA board members.  The three members whose terms expire in 2018 are Ken Meyer, Jan Marshall and myself.  Due to health issues, Sally Meyer would appreciate having someone else do the UHLA Newsletter and Website.  She has given many hours toward both of these projects.  Ken has donated many hours in his treasurer position and hopefully he will continue.  Both Sally and Ken have been amazing stewards of Upper Hay Lake.  Thank you!

There are many opportunities for UHLA members to be involved in improving Upper Hay Lake.  Last winter I asked you to include Upper Hay Lake in your New Year’s Resolution.  Are you ready to follow through on your resolution to improve our lake and make a difference?  I know I am!

Claire Steen


National Loon Center
Have you heard about The National Loon Center Project at the US Army Corp of Engineers Site in Crosslake?  Please join us as Leah Heggerston and Carla White shares with us their mission, scope and timeline for this exciting project.

The project’s mission is to create and maintain the National Loon Center in the heart of Crosslake, MN as the lead research, recreation and environmental & eco-tourism attraction established to preserve and restore loon habitat through important public and private partnerships from the local to the national level.

This program is sponsored by the Brainerd Lakes Area Audubon Society, and is free and open to the public. Refreshments will be provided. For more information contact Jennifer Lust at naturegirljl@hotmail.com or the Northland Arboretum at arboretum@brainerd.net.

WAPOA discounted tree sales
Plant a tree and protect the lakes!  WAPOA (Whitefish Area Property Owners Association) is providing trees again at a significant discount in an effort to protect water quality on the Whitefish Chain of Lakes.  You can purchase 8”-24” inch seedlings, consisting of Norway Pine (Red), White Pine, Paper Birch, White Spruce, Red Oak, High Bush Cranberry, and Serviceberry (Juneberry) for only 50₵ each through WAPOA’s third annual tree sale.

The discounted trees and shrubs are available in limited quantities of 50 per property owner.  The only restriction is that the trees are to be planted in the Pine River Watershed, including the shoreland areas of the Whitefish Chain.  We also have a limited quantity of tree tubes and stake sets for protecting the smaller plants during early growth.   The tube and stake sets are 50₵ per set.

Orders can be placed now through April 13, 2018 (or while supplies last) by contacting Jeff Laurel at email address jlaurel@tds.net, or by phone at (952)217-9429. Pick-up trees and shrubs at Ideal Town Hall on Friday, May 11, 1-4 pm or at the Crosslake Community Center on Saturday, May 12, 9 am-noon.  It is recommended that the trees be planted within a few days of pick-up, for best growing success.

Bruce Ohland


Ruby Throated Hummingbirds (RTH)
Bruce Ohland

These little guys provide so much fun during the summer as they swarm our feeders. But it seems that anytime folks talk about them, there are more questions than answers. So here is a “primer” on Hummers.

Our average Ruby Throated Hummer (RTH) hits the scale at a whopping 3 to 3.5 grams which is 0.1 ounces. The females average about 0.5 grams heavier than males.  They average about 3-in. long from the tip of their bill to the tip of their tail and have a wingspan about the same. Ruby Throated is the smallest breeding bird in the eastern US and eastern Canada. Only the males have the distinctive ruby colored throat.

Of over 330 species, most live in the tropics with Ecuador being the most populated with over 100 species. Of the 16 species found in the US, only the Ruby Throated flies to Minnesota for the summer. In the winter, Ruby Throateds are found anywhere from southern Texas to Costa Rica.

Occasionally you might see a Rufous (red) hummingbird.  These are “accidental” visitors and not a normal resident.  These guys are VERY feisty and are found mainly along the west coast.  In good light, male Rufous Hummingbirds glow like coals: bright orange on the back and belly, with a vivid iridescent-red throat.  Females are green above with rufous-washed flanks, rufous patches in the green tail, and often a spot of orange in the throat.

The earliest Ruby Throated arrivers in the spring are the males (late April to early May) at which time they establish their territory. The females arrive in mid-May. When a female arrives in the male’s territory, he will perform a looping U-shaped diving courtship display which may begin 50-ft. above the female! If the female perches, the male shifts to making fast side-to-side flights while facing her. Who could resist that??? After mating, the male has nothing to do with the female or its offspring. (Not a particularly honorable trait!  Nothing like our loons!)

The female builds an open, cup-shaped nest usually on top of a downsloping branch out of bud scales, binding it together with spider silk or pine resin, lining it with thistle or dandelion down, and decorating it with lichens or moss. The nest takes 6 to 10 days to build and is about 2-in. in diameter when done. When the nest is completed the female lays 1 to 3 white, 1/2 to 9/16-in. long eggs. They will hatch in about 12 to 14 days and the young will leave the nest in about 20 days.

Besides nectar in our feeders, they feed on flower nectar, small insets and spiders.  When they first arrive, there are few if any flowers and many of us are not up here yet so they find Yellow bellied sap sucker wells and feed from those.  So what are those?  The sapsuckers peck holes in the tree bark into which sap will flow. Dinner!! When we make our nectar, the recipe most requested by the RTHs is to mix 1 part sugar to 4 parts water. Use ONLY real sugar (no synthetic sweeteners or honey!)  Some folks add a little red food coloring as Hummers see red really well.  However, it’s not necessary and some contend it is not good for them. With such small bodies, nectar-rich diets and extraordinarily high metabolism, it is possible – though not yet scientifically verified – that dyes could be detrimental to hummingbirds, so why take the chance?

One of the biggest bird feeding myths is that leaving hummingbird feeders available in fall will stop these tiny birds from migrating.  In fact, available feeders can ensure hummingbirds have safe, healthy food sources available for refueling along their journeys.  But exactly when should backyard birders remove hummingbird feeders without depriving birds of essential nectar? The precise dates to take down hummingbird feeders not only varies from region to region, but can vary from yard to yard as individual birds take advantage of favored food sources. Ideally, feeders should be kept clean, filled and available to birds for at least a week or two after the last hummingbird has been seen visiting. At the same time, backyard birders must keep in mind that migrating hummingbirds or different hummingbird species may still be arriving as they pass through the area. When no birds have been sighted after at least 7-10 days, it is safe to remove the feeders and store them until next spring.

In the fall, adult males begin to migrate in early August. Females follow soon afterward. They fly across the Gulf of Mexico in a single flight or along the western coast of Mexico and spend the winter in Central or South America. It is not known for sure, but it is generally thought that migration is determined by daylight duration, a change in flower abundance, nectar and insects. Instinct is also a likely factor.

During migration, a hummingbird’s heart beats up to 1,260 times a minute, and its wings flap 15 to 80 times a second.  To support this high energy level, a hummingbird will typically gain 25-40% of their body weight before they start migration in order to make the long trek over land, and water.

They fly alone, often on the same path they have flown earlier in their life, and fly low, just above tree tops or water.  Young hummingbirds must navigate without parental guidance.

Hummingbirds fly by day when nectar sources such as flowers are more abundant. Flying low allows the birds to see, and stop at, food supplies along the way. They are also experts at using tail winds to help reach their destination faster and by consuming less energy and body fat. Research indicates a hummingbird can travel as much as 23 miles in one day.

There you have it. Probably more than you wanted to know, but interesting!!

Minnesota Seasons.com
Minneapolis Star Tribune article by Jim Gilbert Special to the Star Tribune.
April 29, 2015
Cornell lab of Ornithology
Hummingbird Central.com

From Your Treasurer
We have a total of 21 applications for chemical permits this year; six of which are for snail control only.  Nine applicants are new this year, and that throws a wrench in the gears.  It doesn’t work well with the DNR’s new system and I am still working on it.  We are going to be a little delayed; however, with the cold spring the DNR said it won’t make any difference.

As of this writing we have 66 paid memberships which is on par with the last two years.  Our 2018 receipts to date are $2,949.99 not counting permit fees.  I will have a complete report of our finances available at the Annual Meeting.

Ken Meyer, Treasurer


2018 WAPOA Shoreland Restoration Award Program
Celebrating the 10th Anniversary of WAPOA Sponsored Shoreland Restoration Projects

January 16, 2018

Shoreland Properties Eligible for Awards

Restoration Projects must be on the Whitefish Chain of Lakes or one of the 39 lakes that Whitefish Area Property Owners Association (WAPOA) test for water quality (see WAPOA web site at www.wapoa.org).

Types of Shoreland Restoration Activities Eligible for Awards

  • Rain gardens and storm water infiltration basins.
  • Buffer “No Mow Areas” with native plants along shorelines.
  • Bank, slope, drainage swale and shoreline stabilization projects utilizing coir logs, native plants, willow wattles, shore socks or other bio-degradable materials.
  • Repairing and stabilizing shoreland erosion problem areas.
  • Other improvements that will reduce stormwater runoff into the lakes that is preapproved.

Types of Activities Ineligible for Awards

  • Septic systems, garbage cleanups, aquatic vegetation in-lake treatments, aquatic invasive species (AIS) control, boulder riprap, ice ridge repair (depending on situation), impervious surface areas, beach blankets, rock mulch and work conducted prior to submission of Applicant proposal.
  • Any governmental permitting requirements unrelated to Applicants proposed restoration project, such as but not limited to, approved variance stipulations.

Shoreland Restoration Budget for Awards

  • Applicants will compete for a combined potential award of up to $20,000, depending on the merits of projects submitted. Multiple Applicants are anticipated.

Shoreland Restoration Awards Open House

  • There will be an informational Open House on Wednesday, June 6th, at Moonlite Bay Family Restaurant from 5:00 to 7:30 PM. Representatives from MN DNR, Crow Wing Soil & Water Conservation District (CWSWCD), Landscape Designers/Contractors and WAPOA will be there with handouts and answer questions relating to water quality and proposed shoreland restoration projects.
  • WAPOA will contribute $100 to each registered Applicant attending the Open House that will be paid to CWSWCD for their representative (subject to their availably) to meet with the Applicant at their property to evaluate restoration possibilities.
  • All interested qualified lake shore owners who attend and register at open house, and who are not presently a member of WAPOA, will receive a free one year 2018 membership ($40 value) to WAPOA.
  • Door prizes will also be drawn for Applicants that register at this Open House.

WAPOA Award Application Submittal Rules

  • Project site plan and details must be submitted to the WAPOA Contact Person (shown below) by email for review on or before Friday, July 7th. Incomplete proposals will be returned to Applicant with option to add missing information and resubmit prior to scheduled presentation date on Thursday, July 19th.
  • All materials are required to be bio-degradable (bio-engineered).
  • All plants shall be native to the area, source identified, and all work shall be completed by October 31st of 2018 or 2019. This gives the Applicant two construction seasons (2018 & 2019) to complete the restoration.
  • One Shoreland Restoration sign shall be placed along the shoreline facing the lake by the Applicant for two years from the start of construction and sign may be kept by the Applicant.
  • WAPOA funding may not be available if another grant is also used for this project.
  • A minimum of 25% cash, or in-kind Applicant volunteer labor (presently valued at $20 per hour) match of amount awarded value (3 to 1 match), shall be provided by Applicant.
  • Applicant shall be solely responsible for obtaining any required governmental permits relating to their proposed project, including the costs and/or fees associated with such permits.
  • Maintenance of the funded project is the responsibility of the Landowner for a period of ten years. If the project is altered, not maintained, or replaced with sod or other non-native material, then the Applicant/Landowner shall be subject to penalty.

Shoreland Restoration Award Entries must include the following:

  • Project location, address and description of the problem needing restoration.
  • A description of how the proposed project will solve the problem and benefit water quality.
  • Concept plan sketch to include: dimensions, native plants, materials and location. If project will include excavation, fill or reshaping the land, then Applicant shall include before and after view of the cross-section.
  • Photographs of shoreline and problem areas.
  • Estimated costs, identified separately, to complete the project including:
    • Native plants and other construction materials.
    • Contractor labor and/or in-kind land owner volunteer labor cash value and how it will be utilized.
    • If using a Landscape Contractor then their estimate and identify who the Contractor is.
  • Estimated project start and end dates.
  • Maintenance plan describing when yearly maintenance (10 years in total) will be done, who will do it, and what will be involved (e.g. weed control, repairs, plant replacement, frequent watering).

WAPOA Shoreland Restoration Awards

  • Only preapproved Applicants will be scheduled for presentations of their restoration proposals (including discussion) before a panel of Shoreland Restoration Judges on Thursday July 19th, 2018 starting at 5:00PM at the Ideal Town Hall.
  • The Judges may include representatives from the MN DNR, CWSWCD, Shoreland Restoration Designers/Contractors and WAPOA Representatives.
  • Awards will be based on projects that reduce stormwater runoff into the lake and align with the criteria as outlined in this WAPOA Award Program.
  • Additional applications can be submitted by email to the contact person shown below, after the initial application deadline of July 7th, however, it will depend on available funds for restoration projects at that time. The Application rules shall be the same as stated herein.
  • All Applicants will be notified on a timely basis after application.
  • Upon completion, a onetime Award payment to Applicant shall be done upon site inspection, submittal of paid receipts, in-kind volunteer log (if used), before and after photos and summary of the restoration accomplishments. All required paperwork shall be submitted prior to October 31st of 2018 or 2019.
  • Applicants shall allow WAPOA to share with others what their project entails for promotional purposes.

Additional Information/Contact Person

  • Information about shoreland restoration suggestions is available at the WAPOA web site (www.wapoa.org).
  • WAPOA Award Program contact person is Brian W. Olson, Director of Shoreland Management brian@terraincorp.net, 612-309-1784 (mobile).


This Program is funded, in part, by the Clean Water, Land, and Legacy Amendment, Clean Water Fund.


CROW WING COUNTY                                                                  PRESS RELEASE
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE                                                        Contact: Jake Frie

Date: 4/6/2018                                                                    Phone: (218) 824-1010

Crow Wing County announces “kick-off” of Pine River watershed
“One Watershed, One Plan” planning process

Crow Wing County, Cass County, the Cass County Soil and Water Conservation District, and the Crow Wing Soil and Water Conservation District, announces the beginning of planning for the development of the Pine River watershed “One Watershed, One Plan” Comprehensive Water Plan or “1W1P”.

As part of planning efforts, we are hosting a public information “kick-off” meeting and open-house on Monday, May 7th, from 8:30am to 12:00 p.m.at the Ideal Township Community Center located at 35458 Butternut Point Road, Pequot Lakes, Minnesota. “Mr. Walleye” ® Gary Roach, long-time Pine River Watershed resident, renown fisherman, and lifetime guide, will be speaking about the value and importance of the Pine River Watershed. Residents within the watershed are invited to attend to learn more about the Pine River Watershed, the 1W1P planning process, and have an opportunity to provide input on priorities and concerns within the watershed, and ask questions of planning participants.

Crow Wing County’s existing comprehensive water plan was approved in 2013 and was the first of its kind watershed-based land protection model for county water planning in Minnesota. “The Pine River One Watershed, One Plan is the next logical step in the evolution of water planning in Minnesota” according to Environmental Services Supervisor Jake Frie. A “1W1P” is a water plan that aligns local water planning on major watershed boundaries with strategies towards prioritized, targeted, and measurable implementation plans. 1W1P is rooted in the work initiated by the Local Government Water Roundtable in 2011 which recommended that the local government charged with water management responsibility should organize and develop focused implementation plans on a watershed scale. That recommendation was followed by the legislation that would become One Watershed, One Plan, signed into law by Governor Dayton in 2015.

A watershed is an area of land that drains all the streams and rainfall to a common outlet such as a reservoir, mouth of a bay, or a point along a stream channel. The Pine River Watershed is 800 square miles and exists in central Cass and northern Crow Wing Counties.

For more information, please visit www.crowwing.us, search “1W1P”, or contact the Land Services Department at (218) 824-1010 or landservices@crowwing.us for more information about the Pine River Watershed and 1W1P planning process. The Land Services Department is committed to providing excellent customer service while helping landowners make wise choices that protect Crow Wing County’s extraordinary natural resources.


Environmental Stewardship Today, for Tomorrow